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如何处理乳头疼痛?How do I heal sore nipples?


如何处理乳头疼痛?How do I heal sore nipples?

翻译:Languid

审阅:Daisy, Missy

 

Ouch! Breastfeeding is not supposed to hurt. However, for any number of reasons, mothers may develop sore nipples.

喂奶是不应该让妈妈感觉到疼的。然而,妈妈们可能会因一种或多种原因经历乳头疼痛。

Nipple tenderness at the beginning of a feeding may be normal in the first two to four days of breastfeeding. Soreness that is more intense or continues for a longer time indicates that some adjustment needs to be made.

在开始喂奶的两到四天内,乳头敏感可能是正常的。如果疼痛更加严重或持续很长时间,这说明需要做些调整。

To begin healing sore nipples see our FAQ, How Do I Prevent Sore Nipples to determine the cause of your soreness. Being able to correct the situation causing the soreness will ultimately lead to nipple healing. The comfort measures below will allow you to continue breastfeeding your baby until the problem is resolved.

在处理乳头疼痛前可以先阅读一下国际母乳会英文网站中llli.org的常见问题“如何预防乳头疼痛”一文确定乳头疼痛的原因。如果能够改善引发疼痛的状况,那将最终实现乳头的康复。以下这些舒适的方法可以允许您在问题解决之前继续母乳喂养。

Note: If thrush or a yeast infection is the cause of your sore nipples, please see our Thrush FAQ for further information. In general, thrush thrives on milk and moisture so your nipples should be kept dry. Try rinsing them with water and letting them air dry after each feeding.

注:如果乳头疼痛是由鹅口疮或酵母菌感染所引起的,请进一步阅读国际母乳会英文网站中llli.org的常见问题(FAQ)中有关鹅口疮的信息。通常,鹅口疮会因乳汁和潮湿变得严重,因此你的乳头必须保持干燥。在每次喂奶之后试着用清水清洗乳头,并自然晾干。 

 

Check positioning and encourage your baby to open wide when latching on. See our FAQ on Positioning.

选择合适的哺乳姿势,并鼓励宝宝在含乳时尽量张大嘴巴。请查看我们的常见问题栏中关于哺乳姿势的文章。

Offer your baby short, frequent feedings to encourage a less vigorous suck.

给你的宝宝提供短时间的、频繁的哺喂从而减少宝宝强力的吮吸。

Nurse on the least sore side first, if possible.

如果可行,先用不太疼的那侧乳房喂奶。

When removing your baby from your breast, break the suction gently by pulling on baby's chin or corner of mouth.

在宝宝离开你的乳房时,请通过轻柔地拉宝宝的下巴或嘴角结束吮吸。

Warm, moist compresses applied to your nipples (if a yeast infection is not present) may be soothing.

在非酵母菌感染的情况下,湿性热敷或许可以减轻疼痛。

Freshly expressed breastmilk applied to your nipples will not only soothe your nipples but also reduce the chances of infection, as human milk has antibacterial properties. (Again, do not use if thrush is present.)

挤点新鲜的乳汁抹在乳头上不仅可以减轻乳头疼痛,而且可以减少感染的机会,因为母乳具有抗菌的作用。(同样地,有鹅口疮的情况下不要用这种方法。)

Moist wound healing has been shown to be very effective for healing sore nipples. Keeping your nipples covered with a medical grade (100% pure) modified lanolin ointment or hydrogel dressing will encourage any cracks to heal without scabbing or crusting.

保持乳头的湿润对乳头疼痛的愈合非常有帮助。用100%纯的医用级羊毛脂膏或水凝胶敷料抹在乳头上能促使裂口愈合且不会结痂。

Moist tea bags applied to the nipples are a folk remedy that recent research has shown to have an astringent effect that may promote drying and cracking, and is therefore not advised.

用湿润的茶叶袋敷乳头是一个偏方,但最新研究显示它具有收敛作用,可能导致乳头皮肤干燥和皲裂,所以不再提倡。

At one time, it was recommended that a hair dryer or sunlamp be used on sore nipples. Research has now shown that this promotes drying and further cracking and is not advised.

曾经,吹风机或太阳灯被认为可以用于治疗疼痛的乳头,但最新研究显示这将导致干燥和进一步的皲裂,所以也不再建议使用。

 

Resources for Additional Information其他信息资源

The LEAVEN article "Nipple Pain: Causes, Treatment and Remedies" will provide you with additional information, as will the many resources on our nipple pain Web resource page.

母乳会杂志《影响力》有一篇文章“乳头疼痛:原因、处理和治疗”将为我们提供更多信息,网站上还有很多关于乳头疼痛的资源。

Contact a local La Leche League Leader for more information and support during this challenging time.

在这样艰难的时期,联系国际母乳会当地的哺乳辅导可以获得更多的信息与支持。

These pamphlets may be ordered from the LLLI Online Store or a Leader may have a copy you can purchase.

这些小册子可在国际母乳会英文网站的网店上订购,从哺乳辅导那里或许也可以买到。 

Positioning Your Baby at the Breast is a step-by-step guide to positioning the baby correctly to ensure that baby sucks well and gets plenty of milk, and mother avoids nipple soreness and pain.

喂奶的姿势是一个逐步改进的过程,正确的哺乳姿势可以使宝宝很好地吮吸并获得充分的乳汁,而妈妈可以避免乳头疼痛。

Sore Nipples includes step-by-step illustrations of latch-on and emphasizes the importance of correct positioning; also features recommendations about treatment of sore and cracked nipples reflecting current research on moist wound healing.

乳头疼痛的处理包括正确含乳的逐步说明,同时强调正确哺乳姿势的重要性;另外,也要关注处理乳头疼痛和皲裂的湿性伤口愈合的最新研究成果。

 

Breastfeeding Resources:

母乳喂养资源:

THE WOMANLY ART OF BREASTFEEDING, NEW 8th Edition, published by La Leche League International, is the most complete resource available for the breastfeeding mother.

《母乳喂养的女性艺术》,第8版,由国际母乳会出版,为母乳喂养的妈妈们提供了最全面的资源。

LLLI Breastfeeding Tips and Products includes helpful answers to frequently asked breastfeeding questions plus a section that features books and products.

国际母乳会母乳喂养技巧与产品栏目可以给母乳喂养常见问题提供帮助,并且还有书籍和相关产品出售。

 

Page last edited 2011-06-21 21:32:46 UTC.

英文原文http://www.llli.org/faq/heal.html


 
 
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